Yarn and thread
Cloth is woven from yarn or thread of varying thickness and composition. The material is used in both warp and weft. The thinner the yarn, the higher the yarn number or thread count; for example, 10, 20, 30, etc.
Cotton yarns are available in a range of qualities and thicknesses. Fabrics produced from single-thread yarns in both warp and weft are called single cloth, or singles. Fabrics produced from double-twist yarns in both warp and weft are known as twofold.
Linen thread is made from the fibres of the flax plant. Linen is light and airy to wear, but owing to the minimal elasticity of the fibres, the fabric wrinkles easily. A linen shirt is ideal for summer wear.
Silk thread comes form the Bombyx Mori silkworm. The silkworm spins a cocoon, which is thrown into boiling water to make it easier to unravel. Each cocoon produces as much as 500 metres of silk thread, which is then dyed and spun. The thickness and weight of the finished cloth depends on how many threads are spun together.
Worsted wool is a thin, fine wool grade that is used in shirts. Another exclusive wool is cashmere, which comes from the fur of the Kashmir goat in Mongolia. Stenströms now uses blends of cotton and cashmere to create soft, formfitting shirts.